What Are The 10 Most Common Elements On Earth?

What is the main element of life?

The four basic elements of life are: Oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus.

These four elements are found in abundance in both the human body and in animals..

Why is lithium so rare?

Because of its relative nuclear instability, lithium is less common in the solar system than 25 of the first 32 chemical elements even though its nuclei are very light: it is an exception to the trend that heavier nuclei are less common.

What are the 10 most common elements in the universe?

The ten most abundant elements in the universe in decreasing order of abundance are:Hydrogen.Helium.Oxygen.Carbon.Neon.Nitrogen.Magnesium.Silicon.More items…

What is the rarest element in the universe?

Element AstatineElement Astatine. The rarest naturally occurring element in the universe. Discovered in 1940.

What is the hardest thing in the universe?

As substances go, “nuclear pasta” is far from a limp noodle. According to researchers from McGill University, a substance of that name may be the strongest material in the universe. Stronger than steel, diamond, and graphene, nuclear pasta is the material that makes up neutron stars.

What are the 5 most abundant elements on earth?

The most abundant element in the Earth’s crust is oxygen, making up 46.6% of Earth’s mass. Silicon is the second most abundant element (27.7%), followed by aluminum (8.1%), iron (5.0%), calcium (3.6%), sodium (2.8%), potassium (2.6%). and magnesium (2.1%).

What is the rarest element?

element astatineA team of researchers using the ISOLDE nuclear-physics facility at CERN has measured for the first time the so-called electron affinity of the chemical element astatine, the rarest naturally occurring element on Earth.

Which elemental power is the strongest?

Top 10 Elemental Powers Air/wind. How can anything beat this element? … Water. Water I would say is the most powerful element you could have as a power. … Fire. Here is the reason why I believe fire is the best element. … Lightning. … Earth. … Ice/frost. … Darkness/shadow. … Creation/Life.More items…

What are the most common elements on earth?

The mass-abundance of the nine most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust is approximately: oxygen 46%, silicon 28%, aluminum 8.3%, iron 5.6%, calcium 4.2%, sodium 2.5%, magnesium 2.4%, potassium 2.0%, and titanium 0.61%. Other elements occur at less than 0.15%.

What are the 6 most common elements?

Living organisms often contain trace amounts of several elements, but the most abundant ones are oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus.Oxygen. Oxygen is the most abundant element contained within living organisms, composing about 65% of the human body. … Carbon. … Hydrogen. … Nitrogen. … Sulfur. … Phosphorus.

What is the most common metal on earth?

aluminumAbout eight percent of the Earth’s crust is aluminum, making it the most abundant metal on this planet. However, it is always found combined with various other elements, never by itself in a pure state. Two of the most frequently encountered aluminum compounds are alum and aluminum oxide.

What is the hardest thing to find on Earth?

AstatineEspecially Astatine (At). That’s pretty much the hardest thing to find anywhere. The NPR says that Astatine is so rare that it’s never even been seen directly because if you managed to actually get enough of it together, it would vaporize itself with its own radioactive heat.

What is the most common element in the human body?

Nitrogen – 2.4kg The four most abundant elements in the human body – hydrogen, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen – account for more than 99 per cent of the atoms inside you. They are found throughout your body, mostly as water but also as components of biomolecules such as proteins, fats, DNA and carbohydrates.

What is the lightest element on earth?

HydrogenHydrogen is the lightest element. Dihydrogen, H2, is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas.

What’s the most important element?

CarbonCarbon is the most important element to life. Without this element, life as we know it would not exist. As you will see, carbon is the central element in compounds necessary for life.

What are the 20 most common elements on earth?

Material/Twenty most abundant elements in Earth’s crustElement% massOxygen46.71Silicon27.69Aluminum8.07Iron5.0516 more rows•Sep 29, 2013

What are the 30 most common elements?

30 most common elements a…Iodine. I.Sodium. Na.Carbon. C.Lithium. Li.Neon. Ne.Chromium. Cr.Calcium. Ca.Aluminum. Al.More items…

Why is oxygen so common in the universe?

Oxygen is the third most abundant element in the universe (after hydrogen and helium). It is therefore thought to be an important constituent of the clouds of gas and dust from which new stars and their planets develop. … These results have made the whereabouts of oxygen in clouds a major astronomical dilemma.

What is the most expensive thing in the universe?

An astroid named 16 Psyche, after Cupid’s wife, was found to be made almost entirely of iron and nickel. That means, in current US markets, 16 Psyche is worth somewhere around $10,000 quadrillion (the world’s economy is around $74 trillion).